Letter from Attorney General William Stone to Governor Daniel H. Chamberlain regarding the Hamburg Massacre, July 1876



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Document Description:

This letter from William Stone to Governor Chamberlain serves as a report from the state’s Attorney General (Stone) to the governor concerning the violent altercation that took place near present-day North Augusta between black militia and a group of white insurgents known as the “Red Shirts.”  As one of the more brutal episodes of the Reconstruction Era in South Carolina, this incident became known as the Hamburg Massacre.  Stone’s letter provides an overview of the incident.


William Stone to Daniel H. Chamberlain, 12 July 1876.  S518004.  Letters Received in Governors’ Papers for Daniel H. Chamberlain.  South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 5-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of Reconstruction and its impact on racial relations in the United States.

Indicator 5-1.1 Summarize the aims of Reconstruction and explain the effects of Abraham Lincoln’s assassination on the course of Reconstruction.

Indicator 5-1.3 Explain the effects of Reconstruction on African Americans, including their new rights and restrictions, their motivations to relocate to the North and the West, and the actions of the Freedmen’s Bureau.

Indicator 5-1.4 Compare the economic and social effects of Reconstruction on different populations, including the move from farms to factories and the change from the plantation system to sharecropping.

Standard 8-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the impact of Reconstruction on the people and government of South Carolina.

Indicator 8-4.1 Explain the purposes of Reconstruction with attention to the economic, social, political, and geographic problems facing the South, including reconstruction of towns, factories, farms, and transportation systems; the effects of emancipation; racial tension; tension between social classes; and disagreement over voting rights.

Indicator 8-4.2 Summarize Reconstruction in South Carolina and its effects on daily life in South Carolina, including the experiences of plantation owners, small farmers, freedmen, women, and northern immigrants.

Standard USHC-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and the course of the Civil War and Reconstruction in America.

Indicator USHC-4.1 Summarize the effects of Reconstruction on the southern states and the roles of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments in that era.




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