Register of Births of slave children on the plantation owned by Francis Bernard Higgins of Newberry District, 1820-1841

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Document Description:

Although Congress prohibited participation in the international slave trade in 1808, the slave population in the United States continued to grow. Children born into slavery were an advantage to the plantation owner, increasing wealth and perpetuating the southern economic system. Slaveowners paid much attention to the birth of slave children, as evidenced by the register of African American births kept by plantation owner Francis Bernard Higgins of Newberry County, South Carolina between 1820 and 1841.


Higgins, Francis B. Plantation Volume. 1829-1841. Francis Bernard Higgins Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 3-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the events that led to the Civil War, the course of the War and Reconstruction, and South Carolina's role in these events.

Indicator 3-4.1 Compare the conditions of daily life for various classes of people in South Carolina, including the elite, the middle class, the lower class, the independent farmers, and the free and the enslaved African Americans.

Indicator 3-4.2 Summarize the institution of slavery prior to the Civil War, including reference to conditions in South Carolina, the invention of the cotton gin, subsequent expansion of slavery and the economic dependency on slavery.

Note: Although this document was originally posted at part of a lesson specifically designed to teach the above standards, other Social Studies Standards may apply.

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Register of Slave Children
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Lessons Using this Document:

They're Only Children


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