Photographs of World War I military camps (Camp Jackson and Camp Moore), 1917-1919
As the United States entered World War I in 1917, troops began to train and deploy from newly constructed camps or bases. The two camps mentioned in the images are of Camp Jackson (now Fort Jackson), which opened on September 1, 1917, and Camp Moore, (now the Pine Ridge National Guard Armory). South Carolina was an ideal location for military training facilities, due to the warm climate and cheap labor. The opening of new camps and expansion of old bases brought new jobs and economic growth to the state that would continue to anchor the state’s economy throughout the twentieth century.
“2nd Regiment, Camp Moore, Styx, S.C., photograph by Blanchard.” Photograph. (13201.4) South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.
“Camp Jackson, Columbia, S.C., taken from 100 foot tower.” Postcard. (Postcards rich. co. 423) South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.
“Pay day, 9000 men, Columbia, S.C., Camp Jackson.” Postcard. (Postcards rich. co. 417) South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.
Standard 8-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of South Carolina’s development during the early twentieth century.
Indicator 8-6.2 Explain the impact of World War I on South Carolina, including the building of new military bases and the economic impact of emigration to industrial jobs in the North.
Standard 8-7: The student will demonstrate an understanding of South Carolina’s economic revitalization during World War II and the latter twentieth century.
Indicator 8-7.5 Explain the economic impact of twentieth century events on South Carolina, including the opening and closing of military bases, the development of industries, the influx of new citizens, and the expansion of port facilities.