Challenge 4D - Key

I believe Meriwether cited the correct source because the colonial plats he footnoted give perspective on understanding Ordering Township. The Haig survey in particular lets me know that colonial leaders and surveyors recognized the Santee and Congaree rivers as one in the same river. Colonial plats also reference Sixteen Mile Creek and Sandy Run, which define the outer limits of Saxe Gotha. Although the Mills map does not include Sixteen Mile Creek, it does include Mill Creek, which is referenced by Ordering Township.

John Hammond Moore's definition of "Congarees" helps me understand what Ordering Township means when it says "from about the Congerees." Of course the June 7, 1733 date recorded in Ordering Township is consistent with what we know about when townships were established.

It seems that Professor Meriwether cited the correct primary source, though it is difficult to tell if we do not understand what 18th century legislators meant when they wrote Ordering Township. For instance, today the Santee and Congaree are two distinct rivers. If we do not know that Santee River was otherwise known as the Congaree, then we might locate "extending downwards on the South Side of Santee River" somewhere south of Lake Moultrie!

Further, there are numerous Mill Creeks in South Carolina. Which Mill Creek on the south side of Santee River do we use to find Saxe Gotha? If we look at George Hunter's Cherokee Path to Charleston, Mill Creek is located farther South than where we would expect to find Saxe Gotha. In fact, Hunter's map locates Mill Creek south of Wateree River, feeding into Santee River! On Mill's map, Mill Creek feeds into Congaree River-not the "South Side of Santee River" as noted in Ordering Township.

Perhaps most perplexing is this: Saxe Gotha was ordered to be "lay'd out...from about the Congerees." What are the Congerees? Do the Congerees reference the shoals where the Broad and Saluda converge, or do the Congerees reference the confluence of Congaree and Wateree rivers? According to John Hammond Moore, the term Congarees "lingered on in colonial decades with at least three meanings-settlement developing in and around forts that appeared from time to time on the west bank of the Congaree River, plantations and farms in the region between the waterway and the Wateree, or the general area drained by the Congaree and its tributaries. In other words, "the Congarees" might mean a specific point of settlement (perhaps where the community where Granby would appear in the 1770s) or it could refer, with a broad wave of the hand, to a large segment of South Carolina's Midlands frontier (Moore, 1993, 8,9)."

John Hammond Moore's first definition-a settlement around frontier forts on the Congaree River seems to best describe the "Congerees" referenced in Ordering Township. Moore writes that South Carolina colonial leaders established a frontier outpost for regulating Indian relations at "'the Congarees' five miles south of the juncture of the Saluda and Broad rivers near present-day Cayce" (Moore, 1993, 8). Looking at Mills's map, one can imagine where the old garrison at the Congerees might have been-somewhere "from about the Congerees, and so extending downwards on the South Side of Santee River and coming towards Mill Creek on the Same."

Click here to see Hunter's Cherokee Path to Charleston.

Click here to see Mills Map.

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