Challenge 4B - Key

Professor Meriwether identified Sandy Run as a boundary of Saxe Gotha with Plat 3 (Hamelton). Plat 2 (Fairchild) marks the eastern outer limits of Saxe Gotha. Interestingly, Fairchild's Plat references Sixteen Mile Creek, which cannot be found on modern maps. In fact, Sixteen Mile Creek cannot be found on the Mills map, published in 1825! Why did Meriwether reference Twelve Mile Creek as one boundary of Saxe Gotha when Fairchild's Plat references Sixteen Mile Creek? The answer to this question is that when Meriwether researched Saxe Gotha, Twelve Mile was a more easily recognizable landmark. Sixteen Mile Creek, Eighteen Mile Creek, and other small creeks throughout South Carolina dried up during times of draught. More importantly, before Meriwether ever wrote The Expansion of South Carolina, Sixteen Mile Creek disappeared completely. Finished by 1930, workers dammed the Saluda River to create Lake Murray. Small tributaries such as Sixteen Mile Creek were engulfed in the massive Great Depression CCC project. Click here to see Sixteen Mile Creek on an 1870 map excerpt. Why do we find Sixteen Mile Creek on the 1870 Agricultural Survey map, but not the Mills 1825 map? Notice how Mills interpreted the facts! He did not depict all Lexington county streams. The 1870 map was compiled for South Carolina's Agricultural Bureau, which required more exacting topography than Mills's atlas. Plat 1 (Haig) is the key to interpreting Ordering Township. From Haig's Plat we learn that the Santee River was known as "otherwise Congaree." Looking at the Edgar Township map, we would think that the Santee River began at the confluence of the Wateree and Congaree rivers. In fact, South Carolina's colonial legislators and backcountry surveyors recognized the Saluda, the Congaree, and the Santee as one long river they called the Santee.

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