American Revolution

Prior to the American Revolution, backcountry population demographics and economic patterns differed from low country population and economic patterns. Backcountry settlements were smaller, had fewer slaves, and were largely self-sufficient economies. On the other hand, the low country economy was based on large plantations, which grew and exported a single crop (rice) with slave labor. These differences caused problems as backcountry residents grew more upset with the South Carolina provincial government in Charleston than they did with the British parliament. In fact, many backcountry country leaders disagreed greatly with low country leaders about breaking ties with Great Britain. To be sure, some in the old Saxe Gotha township would have supported the Revolution, but many backcountry colonists were either loyal to the crown or simply “just wanted to be left alone.” (Edgar 1998, 223-225).

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