Contract of Indenture for Michael Gyger to Culchetch Golightly, January 1744
This document is a contract of indenture for a man, Michael Gyger, to Culchetch Golightly. The period of indenture is three years, during which time Gyger was to be obedient and faithful in all things. Documents like this are less common in South Carolina, as it relied more heavily on slave labor, rather than the labor of indentured men and women.
Rutledge, Benjamin H. Indenture of Michael Gyger to Culchetch Golightly, 1744. Benjamin H. Rutledge Family Papers 1675-1867. Call #1097.00. South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, South Carolina.
Standard 8-1:The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.
Indicator 8-1.3 Summarize the history of European settlement in Carolina from the first attempts to settle at San Miguel de Gualdape, Charlesfort, San Felipe, and Albemarle Point to the time of South Carolina’s establishment as an economically important British colony, including the diverse origins of the settlers, the early government, the importance of the plantation system and slavery, and the impact of the natural environment on the development of the colony.
Indicator 8-1.4 Explain the growth of the African American population during the colonial period and the significance of African Americans in the developing culture (e.g., Gullah) and economy of South Carolina, including the origins of African American slaves, the growth of the slave trade, the impact of population imbalance between African and European Americans, and the Stono Rebellion and subsequent laws to control the slave population.
Indicator 8-1.6 Explain how South Carolinians used natural, human, and political resources to gain economic prosperity, including trade with Barbados, rice planting, Eliza Lucas Pinckney and indigo planting, the slave trade, and the practice of mercantilism.
Note: Although this document was originally posted as part of a lesson specifically designed to teach the above standard(s), other Social Studies Standards may apply.