Map showing tenants farming on land belonging to the Hamer family of Richland County, November 1912


Printable PDF Version

Document Description:

A great way to demonstrate the system of sharecropping or tenant farming is to show students how the system worked. This plat illustrates the distribution of land among the tenant farmers who worked land owned by the Hamer family (also the owners of Kensington Plantation at the time) in 1912. Looking at the plat provides an excellent visual representation of the tenancy system and helps students to see how a large plantation was divided to meet the requirements of the changing work force. This plat can be used to help students understand the tenancy system so that they can apply their knowledge to other plantations throughout the South.


1912 Tenant Plat, Collection of the Scarborough-Hamer Foundation, Eastover, South Carolina.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard USHC-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and the course of the Civil War and Reconstruction in America.
Indicator USHC 4-4 Summarize the effects of Reconstruction on the southern states and the roles of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments in that era.
Indicator USHC 4-5 Summarize the progress made by African Americans during Reconstruction and the subsequent reversals brought by Reconstruction’s end, including the creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau, gains in educational and political opportunity, and the rise of anti–African American factions and legislation.

Indicator USHC 4-6.3 Explain how specific events and issues led to the Civil War, including the sectionalism fueled by issues of slavery in the territories, state’s rights, the election of 1860, and secession.

Note: Although this document was originally posted as part of a lesson specifically designed to teach the above standard(s), other Social Studies Standards may apply.

Lessons Using This Document:

Kensington Mansion: Plantation, Sharecroppers, Tenants

Statement on use and reproduction