Painting by unknown artist: Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians, 1805

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Document Description:

This painting from the Greenville County Museum of Art shows Benjamin Hawkins, an Indian agent for the U.S. government, interacting with the Creek Indians. Hawkins, whose main task was to provide agricultural training and implements to the Creek Indians, also worked with the Cherokee, Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes. This painting illustrates Hawkins' close association with the Creeks and the relationship between Native Americans, whites, and the federal government during the early years of the republic.


Unidentified artist. Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians, circa 1805, oil on canvas, 35 7/8 x 49 7/8 inches.  Collection of the Greenville County Museum of Art, gift of The Museum Association, Inc.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 8-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.

Indicator 8-1.2 Categorize events according to the ways they improved or worsened relations between Native Americans and European settlers, including alliances and land agreements between the English and the Catawba, Cherokee, and Yemassee; deerskin trading; the Yemassee War; and the Cherokee War.

Indicator 8-1.6 Explain how South Carolinians used natural, human, and political resources to gain economic prosperity, including trade with Barbados, rice planting, Eliza Lucas Pinckney and indigo planting, the slave trade, and the practice of mercantilism.

Note: Although this document was originally posted as part of a lesson specifically designed to teach the above standard(s), other Social Studies Standards may apply.

Lessons Using This Document:

Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians


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