Inventory of Thomas Drayton estate (includes names of slaves and value), August 1724


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Document Description:

When looking at the past, inventories are one of the best ways to understand the actual wealth of plantations. This inventory documents the estate of Thomas Drayton of Drayton Hall. Inventories of wealthy lowcountry families, such as the Draytons, documented silver and other valuables. Thomas Drayton's inventory not only accounts for the number of slaves in his estate and their value, but also names his slaves. Studied carefully, inventories provide insight into South Carolina's colonial economic institutions.


Drayton, Thomas. Inventory. August 24, 1724. Volume D (1722-1724). Pages 39-42. Miscellaneous Records. Recorded Instruments. South Carolina Secretary of State. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Columbia, South Carolina. Series: S213002.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 8-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.

Indicator 8-1.3 Summarize the history of European settlement in Carolina from the first attempts to settle at San Miguel de Gualdape, Charlesfort, San Felipe, and Albemarle Point to the time of South Carolina’s establishment as an economically important British colony, including the diverse origins of the settlers, the early government, the importance of the plantation system and slavery, and the impact of the natural environment on the development of the colony.

Indicator 8-1.6 Explain how South Carolinians used natural, human, and political resources to gain economic prosperity, including trade with Barbados, rice planting, Eliza Lucas Pinckney and indigo planting, the slave trade, and the practice of mercantilism

Note: Although this document was originally posted as part of a lesson specifically designed to teach the above standard(s), other Social Studies Standards may apply.

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Lessons Using This Document:

Life on Two Colonial Plantations in South Carolina: A Comparative View of Drayton Hall (Charleston Co.) and Walnut Grove Plantation (Spartanburg Co.)

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